Monday, 12 November 2018

Depression Symptoms & Types

               Depression Symptoms & Types

Depression symptoms & Types are Suffering, feeling, loss of daily activities or loss of happiness - these are all familiar signs for us. But, if they affect our lives to a great extent and effect, then this depression can occur. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),7.6 percent of people over the age of 12 years have depression during any 2 week period. It is enough and shows the scale of this issue. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression is the most common disease worldwide and is the leading cause of inefficiency. They estimate that 350 million people are affected by depression globally.

Depression symptoms & Types

Is It Depression

Depression is a serious medical condition associated with depression, loss of pleasure, loss of energy, difficulty in meditation, and suicidal thoughts. Depression is more common among women than men. Symptoms include a lack of happiness and less interest in things that are used to bring joy to the person. Events of life, such as mourning, cause mood changes, which can usually and What depression symptoms be separated from the characteristics of depression. The causes of depression are not fully understood but there is a possibility of a complex combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.

Depression is both a brain disorder and a brain condition. The brain is unique - it is the only organ whose work we deliberately feel because the brain is a part of the brain. Brain-brain disorders affect millions of people in the United States. Depression is by far the most prevalent, which represents 99% of all mind-brain disorders. (Schizophrenia and major psychological illness represent the remaining 1%). 1 Depression umbrella includes major depressive disorder and its related mood disorders, including bipolar disorder, postpartum depression, post-traumatic stress syndrome, anxiety disorder, and suicide.

Depression symptoms & Types

            Forms of Depression

HDRF chooses not to use the term "mental illness" in the context of brain and brain disorders. The word accepts negative images in popular imagery, stigma spreads, and is not scientifically accurate. Therefore, in HDRF we always refer to this field as "brain-brain illness".

Depression in the United States

1. affects more than 18 million adults (one in ten) in any given year.

2. The main cause of disability is 15-44.4 years

3. What is the main reason of suicide every 13 minutes? - More than 41,000 people annually

4. Comparatively: According to the 2013 CDC data, life assassination claims less than 16,000 annually.

Depression in the Workplace

1. U.S. 690 million disability days due to work every year in 6

2. Accounts for $ 23 billion per working day lost

3. Takes more than $ 100 billion financial tolls every year from US trade

Bipolar Disorder

1-2.6% of the American adult population or 6.3 million people affected

2-It often starts in a person's late teens or early adult years. But children and elderly adults may also have bipolar disorder.

3-The disease usually lasts a lifetime.

Depression is a mood disorder that is characterized by frequent loss of mood and depression and the loss of interest. It is a continuous problem, not going to pass, the average is running for 6 to 8 months. "An elderly woman is being consulted" The diagnosis begins with consulting a mental health specialist. Diagnosis of depression starts with the consultation of a doctor or mental health specialist. It is important to take the help of a health professional to cancel various causes of depression, to ensure accurate diagnosis and secure safe and effective treatment.

For most visits to the doctor, physical examination and physical conditions can be examined for co-situations. Questions will be asked - "Taking history" - to establish symptoms, their time courses, etc.

Some questionnaires help doctors assess the severity of depression. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, for example, has 21 questions, which results in the severity of the score. The Hamilton Scale for Doctor Rating Depression is one of the most widely used evaluation tools in the world.

 Complications From Depression

1. Sad mind
2. In the first blissful activities, loss, interest or happiness of sexual interest decreased.
3. Unknowingly weight loss (without diet) or less hunger
4. Insomnia (difficulty in sleep) or hypersomnia (excessive sleep)
5. Psychotherapy movement, for example, anxiety, up and down the pacing
6. Delay psychology skills, for example, slow the movement and speech
7. Fatigue or lack of energy
8. Emotions of worthless or crime
9. Ability to think, focus or make decisions
10. Recurring views of death or suicide, or suicide attempts.

what depression symptoms

  Causes of Depression

Due to depression do not fully understand and cannot be down for a source. Depression is likely due to the complex combination of factors that include

• frustrated women

• Depression has a wide range of causes and potential treatments.

• Genetics

• Biological - changes in neurotransmitter level


• Psychological and social (psychological)

• Some people have a high risk of depression compared to others; Risk factors include.

Events of life: These include mourning, divorce, work issues, relationships with friends and family, financial problems, medical concerns, or acute stress. Personality: Strategies with less successful rivals, or People with previous life trauma are more acceptable. Genetic factors: Having a first-class relative with depression increases the risk. Childhood trauma Certain prescription drugs include corticosteroids, some beta-blockers, interferon, and other prescription medications. Abuse of recreational drugs: The abuse of alcohol, amphetamines, and other drugs is firmly linked. A previous head injury. After having an episode of major depression: the risk of subsequent risk increases. Chronic Pain Syndrome: These and other chronic conditions, such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and heart disease make depression more likely.

Depression is a treatable mental illness. There are three components in the management of depression From educating family members, discussing practical solutions and contributing to stress, support Psychotherapy, which is also called Talking Therapy, like Cognitive Behavioral Medicine (CBT). Drug treatment, especially antidepressants Psychotherapy.

Psychological or talkative treatments for depression include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy, and problem-solving treatment. In light cases of depression, psychotherapy is the first option for treatment; In medium and serious cases, they can be used with other treatments. CBT and Interpersonal Therapy are two main types of psychotherapy used in depression. CBT can be delivered to a doctor, face-to-face, group, or individual sessions on the telephone. Some recent studies show that CBT can be effectively distributed through a computer. Reciprocal treatment helps patients to identify emotional problems that affect relationships and communication, and in turn, this mood How does it affect and can be changed.

Antidepressant medicines

Medicines are available on prescription from the antidepressants doctor. Medicines are used for moderate to severe depression but are not recommended for children, and caution will be required only for adolescents.

               Several classes of medicines are available for treating depression

1. Selected Serotonin Repex Inhibitors (SSRI)

2. Monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI)

3. tricyclic antidepressants
4. Unbreakable antidepressants
5. Selected Serotonin and Norepinephrine Repex Inhibitor (SNRI)

Each class of antidepressant works on a different neurotransmitter. Regardless of the symptoms being improved, medicines should be continued according to medicines prescribed by physicians.

Each class of antidepressant works on a different neurotransmitter. Regardless of the symptoms being improved, medicines should be continued according to medicines prescribed by physicians.

A warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) states that "Antidepressant drugs can increase suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, adolescents and young adults in the first few months of treatment."

Any concerns, including any intentions, should always be taken with the doctor to prevent antidepressants.

Exercise and Other Remedies

  1. Aerobic exercise can help against mild depression because it increases the level of endorphin and neurotransmitters stimulate norepinephrine, which is related to the mood. 
     2. Brain stimulation treatment including electroconvulsive therapy is also used in depression. 

    3. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimuli send magnetic pulses into the brain and it can effective in major depressive disorder.


Electrical - Therapy

Serious cases of depression have not responded to drug treatment, they can benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT); It is particularly effective for psychological depression.

                             Unipolar and dipole depression in psychology

If the main feature is a sad mood, then it is called Unipolar Depression. However, if it is a feature of both the manic and depressed episodes apart from the normal mood period, then it is called bipolar disorder (previously called manic depression).

depression symptoms

Unipolar depression may include anxiety and other symptoms - but no manic episodes. However, research shows that for almost 40 percent of the time, people with bipolar disorder are depressed, making it difficult to distinguish between two conditions.

Major depressive disorder with psychological features This situation is characterized by depression with psychology. Psychology can include delusions - isolation from false beliefs and reality, or horrors - understanding things that are not in existence.

The shock of Laying down-Women often experience "baby blues" with the newborn, but Postpartum Depression - also known as Postnatal Depression - is more serious.

Major depressive disorder with seasonal patterns The first is called seasonal stimulant disorder (SAD), this condition is related to the short-term light of winter - during this season there is depression but in the response to lift and light therapy for the rest of the year. Long or severe winter Countries are more affected than this situation.

List- NGO in Madurai, mental health NGO, A charity for mental health, home for mentally ill,  residential centers for persons with mental illness,  Family Welfare.

Author- Asif.


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